Household characteristics and forest dependency: evidence from common property forest management in Nepal

Di Falco, Salvatore Household characteristics and forest dependency: evidence from common property forest management in Nepal. Ecological Economics . ISSN 0921-8009. (The full text of this publication is not available from this repository)

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Abstract

In resource dependent rural areas of developing countries, common property resource management has been considered as one of the most viable options for combining poverty reduction, enhancement of local level economic development and biodiversity conservation. The past decade has witnessed an increasing emphasis on community-based forest management, with transference of forest management responsibility into the hands of local communities. However, although community forestry (CF) has succeeded in halting resource degradation and conservation of biodiversity, the equity aspect of CF not been fully examined. Nepal is a good location for a case study to examine this question, as community forest programs have been in place longer than in many other countries. This study analyzes the relationship between key household characteristics and common property resources used in order to assess whether poorer households are able to gain greater access to community forests as a result of institutional change. Both quantitative and qualitative analyses suggest that forest product collection from community forests is dependent on various socio-economic variables. In general it appears that land and livestock holdings, caste, education of family members and household economic status exert a strong influence on appropriating benefits from the commons. Based on this analysis, it can be concluded that, at least for some key products, poorer households are currently facing more restricted access to community forests than ‘less poor’ or relatively better off households.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: S Agriculture
A General Works
H Social Sciences
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > Kent Business School
Depositing User: Salvatore Di-Falco
Date Deposited: 29 Jun 2011 16:55
Last Modified: 29 Jun 2011 16:55
Resource URI: http://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/11170 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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