Wilkie, S.E. and Lambert, R. and Warren, M.J. (1996) Chloroplastic aspartate aminotransferase from Arabidopsis thaliana: an examination of the relationship between the structure of the gene and the spatial structure of the protein. Biochemical Journal , 319 (3). pp. 969-976. ISSN 0264-6021 .
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A clone encoding a plastid isoenzyme of aspartate amino-transferase (AAT5) was isolated from an Arabidopsis genomic library and its complete sequence determined. The gene for AAT5 (asp5) contains an open reading frame of 2447 bp comprising 11 exons separated by introns ranging in length from 74 to 207 bp. The upstream regulatory region contains a putative TATA box and multiple copies of two sequence motifs, CTCTT and AAAGAT, previously associated with nodule-specific gene activity in legumes. The deduced primary amino acid sequence of the protein product of asp5 was used to generate a three-dimensional structure of the AAT5 protein by using the computer program Sybyl: Biopolymer Composer and known AAT structures on the protein databases. Both the mature protein and its precursor protein containing a putative N-terminal transit peptide were modelled. The resulting structure of the precursor protein indicated that the transit peptide might also inhibit dimerization of the protein until after its translocation across the chloroplast membrane. The derived structure of the mature protein was then analysed in terms of its component elements of secondary structure, and the positions on the polypeptide back-bone corresponding to intron insertion sites were determined. It is observed that the introns tend to map to regions between structural subdomains of the protein and also map to sites on the surface of the molecule. The asp5 gene in Arabidopsis is thus consistent with Gilbert's exon-shuffling theory of gene evolution [Gilbert (1985) Science 228, 823-824]. A high degree of conservation of intron insertion sites between AAT genes from different plants and animals is observed, particularly within the part of the gene encoding a large beta-sheet structure that forms the structural and functional core of the protein. This beta-sheet structure is thus believed to compromise an ancient and very highly conserved moiety of the molecule.
|Additional information:||0264-6021 (Print) Journal Article Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't|
|Uncontrolled keywords:||Amino Acid Sequence Arabidopsis/enzymology Aspartate Aminotransferases/*chemistry/*genetics Base Sequence Chloroplasts/*enzymology/*genetics Computer Simulation DNA, Complementary DNA, Plant Exons *Genes, Plant Introns Models, Molecular Molecular Sequence Data Plant Leaves *Protein Structure, Secondary|
|Divisions:||Faculties > Science Technology and Medical Studies > School of Biosciences|
|Depositing User:||Martin Warren|
|Date Deposited:||29 Jun 2011 16:52|
|Last Modified:||29 Jun 2011 16:52|
|Resource URI:||http://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/11100 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)|
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