Capture of Particles in Hypervelocity Impacts in Aerogel

Burchell, Mark J. and Creighton, Alan and Cole, Mike J. and Mann, J. and Kearsley, Anton T. (2001) Capture of Particles in Hypervelocity Impacts in Aerogel. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, 36 (2). pp. 209-221. ISSN 1086-9379. (The full text of this publication is not available from this repository)

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Official URL
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1945-5100.2001.tb01865...

Abstract

The capture in aerogel of 106 mum diameter glass beads is investigated for impact speeds of 1 to 7.5 km s(-1). Three different aerogel densities were used, 60, 96 and 180 kg m(-3). It was found that the length of the penetration track in the aerogel increases with speed until a maximum is reached. Above the maximum speed the track length decreases. This behaviour is similar to that which has previously been observed for particles impacting polystyrene foams and porous alumina. Whilst track length was not found to be an unambiguous indicator of impact speed, the excavated track volume was found to be a suitable indictor of speed. Further, it was possible to estimate the original particle size by measurements of the track volume and entrance hole size. In addition sub-100 mum diameter particles composed of various minerals were fired into aerogel and the characterisation of the particles in situ by use of a Raman spectrometer was evaluated. This was found to work well, giving vibrational spectra essentially similar to those of the bulk minerals, thus providing a mineralogical rather than an elemental signature for the captured particles.

Item Type: Article
Additional information: 31 METEORITICAL SOC 414EK Includes first demonstration of Raman techniques on materials captured at high speed in aerogel. Now a standard technique by UK, European and US groups in analysing cosmic dust captured in aerogel in space (used in analysis of NASA’s Stardust mission). Burchell had the idea, led the work, wrote/submitted the paper. (Impact Factor: 2.253)
Uncontrolled keywords: MARTIAN METEORITE; SILICA AEROGEL; DUST; PROJECTILE; INTACT
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QB Astronomy
Q Science > QC Physics
Divisions: Faculties > Science Technology and Medical Studies > School of Physical Sciences
Depositing User: Sara Witchell
Date Deposited: 19 Dec 2007 18:42
Last Modified: 12 Jun 2014 11:27
Resource URI: http://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/1060 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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