Ecological consequences of hunting in Atlantic forest patches, Sao Paulo, Brazil

Cullen, L. and Bodmer, R.E. and Valladares-Padua, C. (2001) Ecological consequences of hunting in Atlantic forest patches, Sao Paulo, Brazil. Oryx, 35 (2). pp. 137-144. ISSN 0030-6053. (The full text of this publication is not available from this repository)

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Abstract

This paper evaluates the ecological consequences of hunting by comparing mammalian densities, biomass, relative energy consumption and community structure between sites with different levels of hunting pressure. Hunting is carried out mainly by colonists who farm on the edge of Atlantic forest fragments in the State of Sao Paulo, Brazil. Mammals were studied over a period of 18 months, along 2287 km of line transects. Transects were distributed among two protected sites, one slightly hunted site and two heavily hunted sites. Tapirs, the two peccary species, brocket deer, armadillos and agoutis are preferred by hunters in the region. Primates are not hunted in the region. Hunting has affected community structure, with ungulates dominating mammalian biomass at protected sites and primates dominating at hunted sites. This has caused an ecological inversion in the hunted areas of the Atlantic forests. In amazonian regions of the Neotropics hunting is more evenly distributed among primates, large rodents, and ungulates and has resulted in an opposite inversion, with hunted sites having lower primate biomass. Atlantic forests are very susceptible to the possible ecological imbalances induced by hunting by humans, and this must be considered for management and conservation programmes.

Item Type: Article
Additional information: ISI Document Delivery No.: 428RG Times Cited: 19 Cited Reference Count: 36
Uncontrolled keywords: Atlantic Forest; biomass; Brazil; density; hunting; mammals
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GN Anthropology
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Anthropology and Conservation > DICE (Durrell Institute of Conservation and Ecology)
Depositing User: C.G.W.G. van-de-Benderskum
Date Deposited: 02 Sep 2008 13:31
Last Modified: 14 Jan 2010 14:40
Resource URI: http://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/10313 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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