Oldfield, T.E.E. and Smith, R.J. and Harrop, Stuart R. and Leader-Williams, N. (2004) A gap analysis of terrestrial protected areas in England and its implications for conservation policy. Biological Conservation, 120 (3). pp. 303-309. ISSN 0006-3207.
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Many protected area (PA) systems have developed in response to socio-economic and aesthetic criteria and need to be modified to increase their conservation value. National gap analyses are an important step in describing and addressing this problem, so we sought to determine the representativeness of English PAs devoted to biodiversity conservation by using Natural Areas (NAs), elevation and PA boundary data. We found that National Nature Reserves (NNRs) and Sites of Special Scientific Interests (SSSIs) cover only 6.3% of England and are generally small, with respective median areas of 1.1 and 0.2 km(2). The English PA system under-represents lowland areas and provides a median level of 2.5% protection for the NA types, with seventy nine per cent of NA types having less than 10% protection. Therefore, we suggest that England's PA system needs to be expanded, although this would probably entail modification of existing legislation to increase involvement by landowners. We also compare our results with previous appraisals that used species distribution record data and suggest that landscape-level analyses may give a more accurate and less positive assessment. (C) 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
|Uncontrolled keywords:||gap analysis conservation planning protected areas england positive incentives reserve selection south-africa biodiversity conservation biological diversity great-britain range representativeness hotspots birds strategies|
|Subjects:||G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GN Anthropology
|Divisions:||Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Anthropology and Conservation > DICE (Durrell Institute of Conservation and Ecology)|
|Depositing User:||C.G.W.G. van-de-Benderskum|
|Date Deposited:||04 Oct 2008 13:01|
|Last Modified:||11 Oct 2012 14:08|
|Resource URI:||http://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/10068 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)|
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